What are Gastrointestinal Surgeries and their needs?
Gastrointestinal surgeries are medical procedures that involve the surgical treatment of the digestive system, which includes the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas. These surgeries treat diverse conditions and diseases concerning the gastrointestinal tract.
Gastrointestinal surgeries are performed for various reasons, depending on the patient’s condition or issue.
Here are some common reasons why Gastrointestinal surgeries may be necessary:
- Gastrointestinal (GI) Cancers: Surgery is often an immediate treatment for GI cancers, like stomach cancer, colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, or liver cancer. It may involve removing the tumor, nearby lymph nodes, and sometimes part of the affected organ.
- Gallbladder Disease: If someone has gallstones or gallbladder inflammation, they may need to remove their gallbladder to alleviate symptoms and prevent complications surgically.
- Acid Reflux/GERD: Chronic acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) that does not respond to medication or lifestyle changes may be treated surgically. The most common procedure is called fundoplication, where the upper part of the stomach is wrapped around the lower esophageal sphincter to reinforce it and prevent acid reflux.
- Obesity: Bariatric surgeries, such as gastric bypass or gastric sleeve surgery, are performed to help individuals with severe obesity lose weight. These procedures alter the digestive system to limit food intake or nutrient absorption, resulting in weight loss.
- Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD): Surgery may be an option for patients with severe Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis who do not respond to medication. It can involve removing the affected portion of the intestine or creating an ostomy (an opening in the abdomen for waste elimination).
- Diverticular Disease: In cases of severe diverticulitis (inflammation or infection of small pouches in the colon), surgery may be necessary to remove the affected segment of the colon and prevent complications like perforation or abscess formation.
- Hernias: Gastrointestinal hernias, such as hiatal or inguinal hernias, often require surgery to relieve symptoms and prevent complications.
These are some examples of when gastro surgeries are necessary. A medical professional evaluates the patient’s condition, symptoms, and responses to other treatments before deciding on surgery. Visit Dhanwantaree clinic for result-oriented gastro surgeries, we promise effective and successful outcomes for patients seeking medical solutions for gastrointestinal diseases.